Scientific Article

Factors Associated With an Intra-articular Infection After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Large Single-Institution Cohort Study

Dr. Marx recently conducted a study about risk factors for an intra-articular infection after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR), which is a rare complication but one with potentially devastating consequences. The study aimed to (1) evaluate the association between an infection after ACLR and potential risk factors in a large single-center cohort of patients who had undergone ACLR and (2) assess the factors associated with ACL graft retention versus removal. Of the 11,451 ACLR procedures, 48 infections were identified (0.42%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed revision ACLR (odds ratio [OR], 3.13 [95% CI, 1.55-6.32]; P = .001) and younger age (OR, 1.06 [95% CI, 1.02-1.10]; P = .001) as risk factors for an infection. Compared with bone–patellar tendon–bone autografts, both hamstring tendon autografts (OR, 4.39 [95% CI, 2.15-8.96]; P < .001) and allografts (OR, 5.27 [95% CI, 1.81-15.35]; P = .002) were independently associated with an increased risk of infections. Overall, 15 ACL grafts were removed (31.3%). No statistically significant differences besides the number of irrigation and debridement procedures were found for retained versus removed grafts, although some trends were identified (P = .054).